Thursday, August 27, 2020

Write a two page summary about psychologist Erik Erikson Essay

Compose a two page outline about clinician Erik Erikson - Essay Example He later concocted his view with respect to the blooming of the character of a person. Erik Erikson held the view that man needed to go through various stages, to accomplish full development and improvement. As per his view, around eight unique stages helped man accomplish his full development. This was an improvement and a differentiated supposition, when contrasted with that of Sigmund Freud's. Erikson is frequently portrayed by the descriptor, Neo-Freudian, since his idea was an expansion of that of his tutor but, had its particular quality. His hypothesis of character is a conventional portrayal of human life and the various stages it advances through. Here is a rundown of an incredible phases, as delineated underneath 4. Ability - Industry versus Inadequacy - Around age 6. Youngster contrasting self-esteem with others, (for example, in a homeroom situation). Youngster can perceive significant variations in close to home capacities comparative with other kids. 5. Loyalty - Identity versus Job Confusion - Teenager. Addressing of self. Who am I, how would I fit in Can be seen through inner circles one sees at a secondary school, eg - geeks, prepares, emos all dressing the equivalent. 6.

Saturday, August 22, 2020

racismhf Prejudice and Racism in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn :: Adventures Huckleberry Huck Finn Essays

Huckleberry Finn-Racist   Imprint Twain's tale The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn delineates how he is a supremacist. He shows it from various perspectives in which his characters demonstration. The entirety of the individuals in the towns are slave proprietors, and treat dark slaves with affront. In the timeframe of the novel servitude was not lawful, yet prejudice was. Numerous scenes in his novel make slaves look like blockheads. Imprint Twain does this deliberately to make minorities individuals look and sound like nitwits, since he is a supremacist individual.   Before getting to section, one Mark Twain puts a notification on the book. People endeavoring to locate an intention in this story will be arraigned; people endeavoring to locate an ethical will be ousted; people endeavoring to discover a plot in it will be shot (Twain, 2). Twain utilizes this to show individuals how he is as an individual. In the event that you conflict with him, you might be arraigned, exiled or even shot. This most probable is on the grounds that he was a supremacist and required force. If slaves somehow managed to conflict with him, they will lose. Imprint Twain utilizes these words to develop himself, and make himself sound like an all the more remarkable individual.   Imprint Twain utilizes characters that are fundamentally the same as him as an individual. Huck's dad, Pap, is an individual like Twain. Pap is a tipsy man that is extremely unstable. He tells Huck of the considerable number of things that Pap feels is drivel. Pap is continually attempting to be an amazing figure in Huck's life. Imprint Twain presumably utilizes Pap in the book to show perusers that he is a similar kind of individual. Twain utilizes this book to show that he is bigot individual, and utilized Pap to show that he is a force parched individual too.   The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is a book that was made to corrupt the dark populace of America. Jim, a runaway slave, gets together with Huck after he flees from Pap. When Jim and Huck see one another, Jim drops to his knees arguing Huck not to hand him over, or hurt him. Imprint Twain does this to show that when a dark slave and a white individual meet the slave should drop to their knees before the white individual.

Friday, August 21, 2020

Guidelines For Writing Student Writing Samples

Guidelines For Writing Student Writing SamplesThe goal of the essay is to help the reader form a conclusion that is based on the reasoning that you have used. If you want your student writing samples to help them develop the skills that will come in time, then you must begin by preparing the facts. The facts should be outlined in the outline and kept in mind throughout the writing process. They will become the facts that are used in the final argumentative essay.One of the most important aspects of writing is to know about the general concepts in the subjects that you are discussing. It is not enough to know about the information, but it is also not good enough to merely make a list of the information you know. In order to have an effective argumentative essay, you need to understand all of the ideas, and facts that you are discussing. You also need to know how to use them.The final argumentative essay will give you the chance to show the world what you have learned in class. The ess ay will contain various types of information and will require you to be able to present a number of different types of ideas in a succinct manner. An excellent example of this is the grade 10 argumentative essay. The student writing samples would be required to use an argumentative essay, but they also need to have a strong understanding of the grade ten argumentative essay format. There are several aspects of the grade ten argumentative essay that the student writing samples will need to familiarize themselves with, before they are able to write the essay.The first thing that the student writing samples should do is to have a basic understanding of the key points that the writer wants to present. The writing samples need to know how to set up the argumentative essay outline, and then they need to know how to organize their argumentation. By using the key points of the essay outline, they can get the student writing samples into the appropriate structure. At this point, the writers are able to work out the details of the essay.Students will often write essays that are similar to each other, or they will write them in very specific forms. These are the types of essays that have a high failure rate, and they often do not do well in their final performance. Students that are interested in learning how to write a high quality argumentative essay will learn about how to approach the grade ten argumentative essay format.The final element that the writing samples need to learn about when writing an argumentative essay is the proper use of language. This is important because students must use words to explain the information they have, and the use of the correct vocabulary will enhance the ability to get the point across. Students will need to know how to select the correct vocabulary when they are discussing topics, and they need to know how to use these words properly.A grade ten argumentative essay will require students to have a thorough understanding of the ideas that they are discussing. However, students should also be able to use the information they know about to support their argument. In order to effectively defend a point, the student writing samples will need to be able to use the information they know to support their position.Students will find that the grade ten argumentative essay will be a challenge to write, but the success of the essay will depend upon the writing samples that they choose to use. In order to be successful, the student writing samples must be able to follow the format of the essay outline, and they must understand the concept of how to organize the arguments they have. They will also need to know how to use the correct vocabulary, and what to write about when writing a grade ten argumentative essay.

Tuesday, May 26, 2020

Euthyphro-Plato What is Holiness Essay - 547 Words

Euthyphro – Plato Holiness is a central theme in the Socratic dialogue with Euthyphro. Socrates has taken up the ironic role of a student in the narrative as he attempts to gain knowledge of what holiness entails, from Euthyphro. Socrates meets with Euthyphro as they meet at a court in Athens. He seeks to gain knowledge on holiness, such that, he can use the insights in his trial against Meletus. Earlier, Meletus had charged him for impiety in a court. This justifies the importance that has been placed on the idea. In the ensuing dialogue, Euthyphro serves different definitions of holiness to Socrates. However, each of these is questioned, casting ambiguity over his supposed knowledge. In his first attempt, Euthyphro defines holiness as†¦show more content†¦ Jowett, 2013). Socrates refutes this definition since he views that the gods do not need to be assisted by mortals. In his final attempt, Euthyphro defines holiness as an exchange between the gods and human beings . The gods receive sacrifices from us, while we they grant our prayers in exchange. In response, Socrates posits that this perspective implies correlates to the prior argument on the gods’ approval. He states that if holiness is gratifying to the gods, it is ambiguous as seen in the argument concerning what the gods approve, and the influences behind them (Plato. Gallop, 1997). From the dialogue, it is my understanding that Socrates posits that there is no universal understanding of holiness. In that respect, holiness may be understood once our elaborate and true beliefs or arguments have been defined and proven through logic. This is seen from the inconclusiveness that characterises the end of the dialogue. This instance implies that the dialogue has failed at defining holiness. The irony in Socrates arguments’ highlights that; ideas have to be proven before acceptance. This holds irrespective of who posits them. In my view, holiness refers to the state of being good to all. It involves practicing the universal ideas of good, such as, kindness and respect. Socrates would respond by questioning what the universal ideas of good are. In that respect, he would probably argue that different societies have different perceptions of good. For example,Show MoreRelatedEuthyphro1547 Words   |  7 PagesThe Euthyphro by Plato Euthyphro, one of the many dialogues written by the Greek philosopher Plato documenting the quest for wisdom by his mentor, Socrates. The time that The Euthyphro takes place is preceding a trial that Socrates is in concerning some allegations that he was corrupting the youth of Athens, and ultimately leads to his demise. But it is a very important dialogue due to how it shows the methods Socrates used to try to gain wisdom, and gives some insight on his and or PlatosRead MoreAnalysis Of Plato s The Euthyphro 1723 Words   |  7 Pagesof the greatest reflective thinkers of all time, Plato was the innovator of many written philosophical dialogues. Accompanied by his teacher, Socrates and his most notorious disciple, Aristotle, Plato set the groundworks of Western philosophy and science amid dialogues such as Apology, Euthyphro, Republic and Laws. These dialogues provided some of the earliest handlings of political inquiries from a philosophical viewpoint. In the Euthyphro, Plato com poses a dialogue that transpires in 399 BC, weeksRead MoreSocrates s Relationship Between Socrates And Euthyphro957 Words   |  4 PagesSocrates helps Euthyphro to give meaning to the word ‘piety , and this serves to bring a new meaning to the respect to the divine beings and help in the explanation of the whole context of the divinity in the society. In this manner, there is the need to create a clear definition and help Euthyphro in getting ideas that he can use to teach Socrates to answer the resulting question about the piety. This is to enable Socrates to have a string defense against the charge of impiety and help in tacklingRead MoreEuthyphro Dialogue Essay examples1485 Words   |  6 PagesIn the dialogue Euthyphro (Cahn and Markie), Plato presents an argument against the divine command meta-ethical theory. While the argument is presented against the predominantly pantheistic Greek religions, the argument can be easily applied to the monotheistic Abrahamic religions . The dialogue starts off with the two main characters: Euthyphro and Socrates. Socrates has been indicted for corrupting the youth of Athens and Euthyphro is indicting his father for murdering a day-labourer who killedRead MoreEuthyphro1289 Words   |  6 PagesAnalysis of Euthyphro Nikon121 PHI 200 Bob Harris October 15, 2012 Analysis of Euthyphro Socrates was put to death in Athens for subverting the youth of the city. He was indicted by Meletus and awaiting his trail on the porch of the King of Archon when he met Euthyphro. It was at this point he engaged in a debate about piety. In this paper, I will examine that debate and present my own conclusion about its purpose as well as my own definition of piety. Holiness, or piousnessRead MoreAn Analysis of Euthyphro – Plato1066 Words   |  5 PagesAnalysis of Euthyphro – Plato It is believed that the theological discussion between Socrates and Euthyphro is one of the most famous Socratic discussions. The discussion is focused on what is piety or holiness asked by Socrates. Socrates engages Euthyphro to help him understand what piety is as he admits he does not know, in order to help with his case against him. Socrates attempts to grasp an understanding of this elusive concept and uses logic to understand what holiness is asRead MoreGods Essay1153 Words   |  5 PagesEuthyphro Philosophy A Concise Introduction – PHI 208 Euthyphro If everyone took the time to discuss holiness / piety (reverence for God), there would always be many different interpretations or perceptions on what it really is and just how to determine that it is being done. The best philosophers in the world have engaged in many conversations about this subject for decades. Socrates has been one of many that discussed this subject. Socrates was a man that was accused of impiety andRead MoreThe Republic And The Socratic Dialogue1769 Words   |  8 PagesSocratic dialogue Euthyphro we can conclude that there are a lot similarities and differences in the arguments between Socrates and Thrasymachus and Socrates and Euthyphro. Both pieces and arguments have similar tones and shows how Plato, through Socrates, would get to the bottom of certain issues. Upon entering the house In Plato’s The Republic, Socrates didn’t know what he was walking into when the discussion of justice was brought up. The main question that had been brought up was what is justiceRead MoreThe Story Of Euthyphro, By Plato1936 Words   |  8 PagesHoliness, given by the dictionary definition, is â€Å"specially recognized as or declared sacred by religious use or authority.† This definition is not universal; it is susceptible to the subjectivity of individuals of various beliefs and backgrounds. In the story of Euthyphro, by Plato, Socrates bombards Euthyphro with a series of difficult questions that challenge Euthyphro s knowledge of the term â€Å"holiness.† Euthyphro claims to have â€Å"accurate knowledge of all such things† (Euthyphro, 5b); howeverRead MoreEuthyphro-Plato1140 Words   |  5 PagesEuthyphro’s well-known impasse pertaining to the characteristic of piety is one of the many dialogues written by the Greek philosopher Plato detailing the pursuit for wisdom by his mentor, Socrates. This well-known impasse regarding the nature of piety presents the question of whether or not piety is an act or thing loved by the gods? Regardless if an act is considered right or wrong, the truth or a lie, just or unjust, and holy or unholy, all are the basis of contentious debates difficult within

Friday, May 15, 2020

List of the Largest Cities in India

India is one of the largest countries in the world with an estimated population of 1,372,236,549. Researchers predict that this population will rise to higher than 1.5 billion in the next 50 years. Of course, most of these numbers are based on estimates as an official census has not been conducted in India since 2011, but another is scheduled for 2021. Find out why India is growing and which of its cities are largest. About India The country of India, formally called the Republic of India, occupies much of the Indian subcontinent that is located in the southern portion of Asia. India is second only to China in population, though it is expected to surpass Chinas population before long. In addition to being one of the worlds largest democracies, India is one of the worlds fastest-growing countries in terms of both population and economy. Why Is India Growing? There are a few key reasons that Indias population continues to soar. The first reason is its fertility rate of about 2.33. For reference, the average replacement fertility rate, which sustains a countrys population exactly because there is no net change in the number of people between generations, is 2.1. In other words, a woman must have 2.1 babies (the 0.1 allows for barriers to a womans reproduction or childs maturation such as death, infertility, etc.) in her lifetime in order to ensure that she and her partner are replaced when they die. Indias fertility rate being over 0.2 above this replacement rate means there are more births than deaths. The majority of Indias growth, however, is attributed to  urbanization and increasing levels of literacy, though it  is still considered a developing nation.  Indias economy is boosted by huge quantities of agricultural and industrial exports. Largest Cities in India India covers an area of 1,269,219 square miles (3,287,263 sq km) and  is divided into 28 different states and seven union territories. Several of Indias capital cities are some of the largest cities in the world. The following is a list of the top 20 largest metropolitan areas in India as of a 2011 census.   Largest Cities in India City State/Territory Metropolitan Population City Proper Population 1. Mumbai Maharashtra 18,414,288 12,442,373 2. Delhi Delhi 16,314,838 11,034,555 3. Kolkata West Bengal 14,112,536 4,496,694 4. Chennai Tamil Nadu 8,696,010 4,646,732 5. Bangalore Karnataka 8,499,399 8,443,675 6. Hyderabad Andhra Pradesh 7,749,334 6,731,790 7. Ahmedabad Gujarat 6,352,254 5,577,940 8. Pune Maharashtra 5,049,968 3,124,458 9. Surat Gujarat 4,585,367 4,467,797 10. Jaipur Rajasthan 3,046,163 3,046,163 11. Kanpur Uttar Pradesh 2,920,067 2,765,348 12. Lucknow Uttar Pradesh 2,901,474 2,817,105 13. Nagpur Maharashtra 2,497,777 2,405,665 14. Indore Madhya Pradesh 2,167,447 1,964,086 15. Patna Bihar 2,046,652 1,684,222 16. Bhopal Madhya Pradesh 1,883,381 1,798,218 17. Thane Maharashtra 1,841,488 1,841,488 18. Vadodara Gujarat 1,817,191 1,670,806 19. Visakhapatnam Andhra Pradesh 1,728,128 1,728,128 20. Pimpri-Chinchwad Maharashtra 1,727,692 1,727,692 Cities and Metropolitan Areas Metropolitan Area Vs. City Proper The largest cities in India are the largest cities in India no matter how you slice it, but their rankings shift a little when you consider entire metropolitan areas, the suburbs surrounding cities, rather than only cities proper.  Some Indian cities are much smaller than their metropolitan areas—it all just depends on how many people are living in a citys center.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Relevancy of the Prospect Theory Term Paper

Essays on The Relevancy of the Prospect Theory Term Paper The paper "The Relevancy of the Prospect Theory" is a brilliant example of a term paper on marketing. Prospect theory is the critique made on the utility theory to create a descriptive model that is an alternative model in decision making for risk management. This theory was discovered by Kahneman in collaboration with Tversky who discovered that the majority of the people underweight outcomes are simply probable when it comes to comparison with the results received with certainty. The theory also states that people normally discard components that are shared by the entire prospects into consideration (Gonzalez1676–9).However, in prospective theory a certain value is allocated to gains as well as losses instead of the final assets and the probabilities are reinstated by the decision weights. The operating value is stated on deviations at a given reference point which is generally in concave shape for risk aversion or gains and in a convex shape to represent risk-seeking or los ses, the losses are steeper than gains. This means that decision weights are normally below unlike with the corresponding probabilities which are always high as illustrated below;Fig. Hypothetic value operationFig. Weighting functions gain (w+) and losses (w+)The good side of Prospect theoryProspect theory is considered to have challenged the normal alternative approach. This is particularly indicated in the challenge for notion invariance since the description of the option need not affect the results of the choice made. The theory was created by several psychologists such as; Tversky and Kahneman and it is doing the very pretty good duty of clarifying the several situations that the normal utility theory presents the wrong predictions Lattimore Baker (1992, p. 377–400).The bad side of Prospect theoryThe major idea is that the implementation of the information security measures or programs is very hard and in most cases a gamble. Such difficulties twist the decision-making procedures for the business. This causes a negative impact on the information security experts as they are regularly left outside the easy business reason and economic principles.The information security professional challenge involves how the problem of Prospect theory can be managed in an organization. The challenge requires the usual fiscal attention and people being risk loving in discussing the likely impact of security limitations. To a larger extent, compliance with the rules has greatly forced several private sectors to unwillingly invest in some risk management as well as mitigation programs. However, several organizations still need to be convinced yet the prospect theory states that selling the risk aversion idea in the loss-focused situations will definitely not work.The relevancy of the Prospect theoryThe prospect theory illustrates very vital milestone, Kahneman in collaboration with Amos have proved in their several experiments that the everyday reality among decision -makers changes depending on the assumptions maintained by the economists.

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Logistics and Supply Chain Management -

Question: Discuss about theLogistics and Supply Chain Management for Forecasting. Answer: Proper forecasting is essential for any organization, as it ensures in having enough supply in hand, in order to satisfy the demands. Business analysts utilize the systems of logistics and supply chain management as well as some other tools, in order to forecast the demands in advance. For example; Amazon uses forecasting techniques to increase the satisfaction of the consumers, reduce the inventory stock outs, schedule the production effectively, lower the safety requirements of stocks, reduce obsolescence costs of products, manage the shipping better, improve price and promote management (Chircu, Resnick and Saraswat 2015). The three major forecast types used within supply chains context are; demand forecasting to investigate the demands of the buyers, supply forecasting to know about the current suppliers and producers and lastly, the price forecast, which is the compilation of demands and supplys information (Christopher 2016). Forecasting abilities of any business varies from organization to organization. In order to improve the forecasting abilities, one needs to understand the size of the demands and the uncertainty drivers. The demand planning and strategy needs to be kept simple. The organizations should always have backup plans and change their strategies when needed (Garrido Azevedo and Carvalho 2012). A 3PL or third party logistics refers to the outsourced logistics services provider. Logistic services involve the management of resources and their movement to the areas, when required. The term itself comes from military. Third party service includes transportation and warehouse storage, which is required to manage the whole supply chain (Mangan and Lalwani 2016). On evaluating 3PLs certain information is needed to meet the company requirements. The location of the warehouse and their equipments must be checked. Staff members play a bigger role in this. If the staff is not flexible and cannot communicate properly, then the company may face issues. Moreover, information technology systems must be checked for proper transportation management and ensuring the security issues (Christopher 2016). Humanitarian logistics deals with the logistics branch which is specialized in organizing deliveries and warehousing supplies, at the time of complex emergencies or natural disasters, at the affected areas or people surrounding it. They are mostly used in the commercial supply chain purpose. Logistics play a major role in the relief operations of disasters (Chircu, Resnick and Saraswat 2015). The six major players in the humanitarian aid supply network are: Planning and preparedness, assessment and resource mobilization, procurement and donations, transport and execution, tracking and stock asset management and lastly, extended delivery point and relief beneficiaries (Garrido Azevedo and Carvalho 2012). Five ways of using Information Technology to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of supply chain and logistics are as follows: Information Technology has helped in the superlative transportation and alignment of the companys supply chain management and its competitive strategies. Information Technology has helped to leverage the efficiencies in the companys distribution procedures. It has helped in the manufacturing processes and procedures by reducing the labor intensive and manual work, which in turn reduces the costs. It has contributed a lot in the warehouse management. Information technology has marked its contribution in the ecommerce industry. It has made online sellers easily sell their items to the customers, even at the furthest corners (Monczka et al 2015). Case Study 1: Four activities IKEA uses to ensure the supply chain is sustainable: IKEA aims to produce items and materials which do not harm the environment. The products are manufactured in the most responsible manner. The raw materials are manufactured, distributed to the retailers and then to the consumers. IKEA buys several products from over 1,300 suppliers, check the materials quality and analyses the impact of the environment, which occurs during the management of supply chain. IKEA ensures that their supply chain management is sustainable by keeping an eye on the working and social conditions of the suppliers. The organization uses a specific tool named e-Wheel in order to evaluate their products environmental impact. Their products are made from natural resources and can be recycled. Water cans are stacked, which reduces the transportation problems as it requires less number of vehicles and therefore, lower the costs of fuel. The organization designs many of their products with few resources to make the best products. IKEA influences all its elements of the supply chain to adopt the sustainable practices. The organization has formed partnership with the UNICEF, in order to work with the community program of Northern India. They aim at reducing child labor and promoting awareness regarding this. Moreover, they organize training courses for managing forest resources. They have developed forestry plans at China. Consumers are even aware of the commitment of the organizations supply chain management, which has helped in building trust regarding the companys policies and procedures (Stadtler 2015). IKEAS sustainable sourcing and the supply practices have their remarkable effect on the supply and sourcing practices upon the entire furniture industry. The organizations fifty percent of the products are produced from wood fibers or wood. The source is a good renewable resource as it can be recycled. Moreover it is obtained from several sources which are sustainable. The organization creates certain solutions of designing in order to minimize their usage of materials. Some products like tables are made from recycled plastics, rugs from material clippings and water cans are designed in such a way that can be stacked. Less transportation is required for this, which in turn reduces the costs of fuel. These ideas of IKEA, help in being more sustainable, therefore, reducing the impact upon the environment. IKEAs success is mainly due to their communications with the manufacturers and suppliers of the materials. While manufacturing, IKEA mentions to the producers that the wastes generated from the products should be minimal. Waste materials are recycled and reused, avoiding land pollution. They have a code of conduct for purchasing home furnishing products. They check that their furniture products do not have any harmful impact on their purchasers. For example; the products do not cause allergies to the consumers. They encourage recycling and reusing of their products. IKEA encourage its manufactures to use minimal resources for making best products. For example, they save their resources by the usage of hollow legs for the chairs and tables. Moreover, they use honey comb paper filling material for the interior of the table tops, rather than solid wood (Khan, Christopher and Creazza 2012). Case Study 2: IKEA designs and sells their furniture in pieces to allow the customers assemble them. The furniture pieces are placed in efficient and convenient flat packages. This cause less transportation costs as they take less space in the trucks, hence, a large number of items can be shipped at one go. The unique procedure also takes less space at the warehouses and reserve racks. The company saves fuel and the stocking costs are passed to the customers. Moreover, every store has their warehouse itself in the premises. At the showroom, customers can easily browse their favorite items. They select their products and obtain it themselves from the reserve racks. Hence, additional shipping costs are reduced. It promotes self service and uses the consumers to improve the effectiveness as well as efficiency of the supply chain management and logistics. IKEA has a tactic named cost per touch, which actually means the fewer number of touches cause less number of costs. The organization saves costs by applying this tactic. They ensure efficient goods flow for maintaining higher sales and enhancing the loyalty of the customers. They introduce processes like minimum reordering and maximum amount of products at one go. The IKEA inventory management introduces in store logistics to lower the sales of costs. Moreover, high flow facilities and low flow warehouses support their store operations, which are more hand operated. All these strategies help the company to lower its operating costs and at the same time stay competitive. They continuously refresh their supply chain management policies and procedures, in order to attain the competitive advantage in the market (Jonsson, Rudberg and Holmberg 2013). IKEA collaborates with the companys suppliers and logistic partners in order to ensure end customer satisfaction with the products. The organizations vision is to provide the customers with well designed and functional furnishings at low prices. IKEA uses fewer resources for manufacturing its products, without even compromising its durability and quality. The organization focuses on cutting down the costs of transportation by using less fuel and reducing manpower to ship its products. They have a sustainable relationship with their logistics partners as well as the suppliers by making long term business contracts with them. They ensure that their customers receive the best products at minimal costs. They stress on the self service factor in order to minimize the items in the areas of bulk storage. IKEA relies on unique and rare logistical management in case of reordered products. The organization employs an adequate number of personnel for in store logistics management in the stores. The duties are assigned to the logistic personnel, which involves monitoring, tracking, recording deliveries and carefully taking notices of product deliveries. The in store managers of logistics uses the management of inventory replenishment for responding to the reordered points and products. This strategy helps the organization to meet the customer demands at less cost. Logistics manager keeps a check on the sold items and those which are directly shipped from the centers of distribution through the system data of warehouse management. Overall, the organization ensures the goods flow in an efficient manner and collaborating with the suppliers and logistics partners, it enhances customer satisfaction and loyalty (Stadtler 2015). References Chircu, A.M., Resnick, M. and Saraswat, S.P., 2015. Online Intermediaries and Supply Chains.The International Encyclopedia of Digital Communication and Society. Christopher, M., 2016.Logistics supply chain management. Pearson UK. Garrido Azevedo, S. and Carvalho, H., 2012. Contribution of information technology to better management of supply chains.International Journal of Retail Distribution Management,40(2), pp.128-156. Jonsson, P., Rudberg, M. and Holmberg, S., 2013. Centralised supply chain planning at IKEA.Supply Chain Management: An International Journal,18(3), pp.337-350. Khan, O., Christopher, M. and Creazza, A., 2012. Aligning product design with the supply chain: a case study.Supply Chain Management: An International Journal,17(3), pp.323-336. Mangan, J. and Lalwani, C., 2016.Global logistics and supply chain management. John Wiley Sons. Monczka, R.M., Handfield, R.B., Giunipero, L.C. and Patterson, J.L., 2015.Purchasing and supply chain management. Cengage Learning. Stadtler, H., 2015. Supply chain management: An overview. InSupply chain management and advanced planning(pp. 3-28). Springer Berlin Heidelberg. Logistics and Supply Chain Management - Question: Discuss about theLogistics and Supply Chain Management forDecathlon. Answer: The different aspects of internal returns has been determined with transportation of goods from loading dock to the e-commerce department. The two main types of the returns faced by Decathlon has been identified with transportation return and client return. In case the client is not aware of his order the warehouse man is seen to be in charge of customer service with the Google Drive file. In such a return order customer service are able to reach to the client first. The client return process is a result of client changing his mind for ordering due to wrong size, customer mistakes or poor quality of the product. The external returns on the other hand is identified with returning of the goods from a date of purchase of up to 365 days (Lai, Ulhas and Lin 2014). Some of the initiatives which can be taken in the external flow of the materials has been identified with allowing for higher weight categories of product. At present the external flow shipments are restricted to only 30 Kgs , by improving the maximum weight threshold the company will be able to send shipments of the customers in more bulk quantity. The internal process of transformation return can be improved by doing a pre-inspection of the orders for the final delivery to the customers. The client return process needs to be made more dynamic by facilitating a customer support team who can help with the customer queries online. Some of the steps that can be added to the present return process has been stated below: Figure: Value Stream Mapping of the Return Process (Source: 2017) The process in the e-commerce return needs to be improved with faster inspection of the goods in the e-commerce department itself. The inspection for size should be also be ensured as this will significantly reduce the increasing number of internal returns in the warehouse. The overall return process needs to be re-optimised based on three important factors namely: Total number of items returned for customer mistakes Total number of items returned for bad quality Total number of items returned for wrong size The next step should include giving more options for payment to the customers such as cash on delivery. This will ensure that in case an order is cancelled there would be no hassle for online repayment (Valmohammadi and Dashti 2016). References Lai, J.Y., Ulhas, K.R. and Lin, J.D., 2014. Assessing and managing e-commerce service convenience.Information Systems Frontiers,16(2), pp.273-289. (2017). [online] Available at: [Accessed 20 Oct. 2017]. Valmohammadi, C. and Dashti, S., 2016. Using interpretive structural modeling and fuzzy analytical process to identify and prioritize the interactive barriers of e-commerce implementation.Information Management,53(2), pp.157-168.